Seminars

 

2020

第90回Global History Seminar

日時: 2020年10月2日(金)16:30-18:30

場所: 大阪大学文学研究科 中庭会議室

Harald Fuess

Professor of History, Heidelberg University

Heidelberg Center for Transcultural Studies, Faculty of Philosophy

                           

Cholera and Meiji Japan: Medical Knowledge, International Relations and the Quarantine 

System

Abstract

Cholera originated in Bengal in 1817 before it reached the rest of the world in multiple pandemic waves proving to be the most frightening and deadly disease of the nineteenth century. Cholera arrived in Japan through Nagasaki already during the late Edo Period and the 1858 epidemic with its high death toll in the capital helped to weaken the Tokugawa government. After the 1868 Meiji Restoration cholera reemerged with full force when it was spread by the victorious imperial forces who had defeated Saigo Takamori in the Satsuma Rebellion of 1877. The year 1879 proved to be the peak of the disease with a record of 180.000 patients, the majority of whom died within a few days from being infected. Ever since cholera has been endemic to Japan with major regional outbreaks recurring over the years and only becoming negligible by the twentieth century where other pandemics like the Spanish influenza had a more devastating effect on the indigenous population.

 

My presentation will employ a global history perspective to reassess our understanding of cholera in Meiji Japan. As a worldwide pandemic, cholera elicited global responses locally. The medical causes of the disease were not known until Robert Koch’s discovery in 1884 with the cure remaining contested thereafter. In the period of uncertainty, international quarantine for ships and social seclusion through isolation hospitals proved to be some of the common measures advocated by medical professionals and public health administrators. Public policy caused cholera riots domestically with attacks against police, doctors and missionaries. Meiji diplomacy led to major international relations conflicts with imperial countries advocating free trade but also proved a stepping stone for Japan to assert its own imperial power in East Asia.      

参考資料

第89回Global History Seminar 

日時: 2020年6月26日(金)16:30-18:30 

場所: (ZOOMによるセミナー)

David Lowe

(Chair in Contemporary History School of Humanities and Social Sciences

   Faculty of Arts and Education Deakin University)

”The Colombo Plan towards the Indo-Pacific: exploratory diplomacy of the long 1950s”

 

 

 

第88回Global History Seminar

日時: 2020年5月22日(金)16:30-18:30 

場所: (ZOOMによるセミナー)

鈴木英明(国立民族学博物館)

世界史的共通体験としての奴隷廃止:解放されない人びと

第87回Global History Seminar

日時: 2020年4月24日(金)16:30-18:30 

場所: (ZOOMによるセミナー)

Timo Särkkä

(フィンランド・ユバスカラ大学 歴史・民俗学部講師) 

Paper and the British Empire: The Quest for Imperial Raw Materials, 1861 to 1960

 

 

第 回Global History Seminar 中止・延期

日時: 2020年4月14日(火)16:30-18:30 

場所: 大阪大学文学研究科(豊中キャンパス)大会議室

Rien T. Segers

(Professor of Clingendael Institute of International Relations

The Hague, the Netherlands)

BREXIT 2020: CAUSES, IMPLICATIONS AND FUTURE SCENARIO’S The most serious threat in the history of the European Union”

第86回Global History Seminar

日時: 2020年1月17日(金)16:30-18:30 

場所: 大阪大学文学研究科(豊中キャンパス)大会議室

Diego Holstein (Professor of History University of Pittsburgh)

A Brief History of Now: A Global Socio-Political-Economic History of the Contemporary World (1851-present)

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