第99回Global History Seminar
日時： 2021年5月28日（金）16：30-18：30 JST
第98回Global History Seminar
日時： 2021年4月23日（金）16：30-18：30 JST
岡 美穂子（東京大学大学院 情報学環・学際情報学府 准教授）
Japanese Silver and the Namban Trade in 16th Century Japan
The increase in the production of Japanese silver, especially with the development of the Iwami Silver Mine, promoted Japan’s involvement in the global economy. The first contacts between Japanese and Europeans were concentrated in the ports of the Satsuma region, situated in the southern part of Kyushu Island, which had flourished with trade by Wokou and Chinese vessels in the previous decades. The Portuguese first came to the ports of the Satsuma region as clients aboard Chinese junks, then later in their own junks with Chinese crews. After Jesuit proselytization began in Japan, the trade came to be influenced by Jesuit intentions. Jesuits sought agreements with Japanese war lords who were interested in foreign trade through their ports with the intention of converting them to Christianity. The year 1562 was a turning point in the early Namban trade in the sense that the Jesuit influence over trade became more pronounced with the opening of the port of Yokoseura. However, even after that year, private Portuguese traders on Chinese junks did not cease going to ports without Jesuits frequented by Japanese merchants in orderto acquire Japanese silver. Recently, I analyzed one document in the Archivo Historico Nacional in Madrid that describes direct trade by the Portuguese in Yunotsu (the port ofthe Iwami Mine) far from Nagasaki, which was the official port for the Namban tradefrom 1570 to 1639, indicating that private Portuguese traders from Macao continued their business in other ports of Japan outside Jesuit influence. Although my monographThe Namban Trade (Brill, 2021, forthcoming in July) analyzed the close ties between the Jesuits and Portuguese merchants, it might be noted that they did not necessarily always have common interests.
OKA Mihoko is Associate Professor in the Graduate School of Interdisciplinary Information Studies, University of Tokyo. Her interests are broadly in the area of the maritime and economic history of East Asia in relation to European countries during the 16th to 17th centuries. She has also published numerous academic articles on the history of Christianity in Japan. Her main research interests and themes include Macao, Nagasaki, the Nanban Trade, Jesuits, Manila, the Red Seal Ship Trade, maritime history, merchants and the history of Christianity.
Publications in English: M. Haneda & M. Oka (eds.) A Maritime History of East Asia, Kyoto University Press, 2019.M.Oka. The Namban Trade (Brill, 2021, forthcoming in July)
第97回Global History Seminar
日時： 2021年3月19日（金）12:00-14:00 JST
Jay Sexton（Kinder Institute, University of Missouri）
Jay Sexton is the inaugural Kinder Institute Chair in Constitutional Democracy and Professor of History. A native of Salina, Kansas, he returned to the Midwest to the University of Missouri in 2016 after spending the better part of two decades at Oxford University in England. Sexton started in Oxford as a grad student Marshall Scholar and worked his way up to being Director of the Rothermere American Institute (RAI) and, upon his departure, being elected a Distinguished Fellow of the RAI and an Emeritus Fellow of Corpus Christi College.
Sexton specializes in the political and economic history of the nineteenth century. His research situates the United States in its international context, particularly as it related to the dominant global structure of the era, the British Empire. His most recent book, A Nation Forged by Crisis: A New American History (Basic Books, 2018), argues that international forces have shaped the course of U.S. history during its greatest moments of transformative change.
第96回Global History Seminar
日時： 2021年1月22日（金） 16：30-18：30
An approach to the medieval global history of Britain from the long eleventh- to the long sixteenth-century: Beyond the sea horizon